This dramatic reduction allows it to be shipped safely and efficiently aboard specially designed lng vessels. Standard conversion factors to compute kbtu, kwh, and gj are presented together in figure 2. Regasification refers to the conversion of lng back to natural gas. Table b2 presents the thermal btu conversion factors and the converted.
Database documentation 2019 edition 9 international energy agency 3. Conversion from volume to energy measurement radhey s. Natural gas conversions formula national fuel gas distribution corporation, 2016. Table c1 to subpart cdefault co2 emission factors and high heat values for various types of fuel and table c2 to subpart cdefault ch4 and n2o emission factors for various types of fuel. Conversion of units is the conversion between different units of measurement for the same quantity, typically through multiplicative conversion factors. The conversion factors cover calculation between weight, volume and calorific measures. Conversion factors are provided as a reference only. Thermal energy conversions portfolio manager energy star. Chapters contain information, data, and example calculations directed toward practical situations.
Attendees will have a better understanding of the relationship between u. The 2019 ghg conversion factors are for one year, from the end of may 2019, and will continue to be. Natural gas market assessment the future environment for the u. To make these adjustments and conversions, it helps to know the desired results. Natural gas conversions natural gas conversions formula. This section covers the original or natural units as well as the. This is a quickreference list of conversion factors used by the bioenergy feedstock development programs at ornl. Some measurement software applications require volume. Area natural gas liquid volume density power energy petroleum specific gravity force pressure heating values pipe pressure length speed mass. For example, consider a 500 hp boiler, which requires 20,925 cu.
For example, nigeria depends on its petroleum exports as a primary source of revenue. In the united states, natural gas can be priced in units of dollars per therm, dollars per mmbtu, or dollars per cubic feet. Keywords conversion,factors,hydrocarbon,emission,components,hydrocarbons,thc,total organic gas,tog,volatile organic compounds,voc,nonroad,equipment,emissions,epa420r05015,420r05015. Natural gas piping table 1 shows capacity of a natural gas line for a given initial pressure with a 5% pressure drop. One food calorie is equal to 1,000 calories, or 1 kilocalorie. European natural gas assessments and indices latest update. Conversion factors for hydrocarbon emission components. Most conversion factors and data are given to only 3 significant figures. Geographical coverage and country notes countries and regions. These factors are also used in a number of different policies. Miscellaneous data and conversion factors 985 reformatted 195 appendix a a1. Correction factors for combustible gas lel sensors note. Refer to the instrument settings and product manuals for information specific to each instrument.
The application of temperature andor pressure correction. The table below lists the most commonly used gases and their approximate conversion factors. Attendees will also learn about inland and offshore lng import and export terminals, and lng peak shaving plants used to mitigate temporary natural gas supply and price risks. Box 1642 houston, texas 77251 the purchase, transport, and sale of natural gas as a commodity with a specific energy value per cubic foot has transformed the natural gas industry from one of. September 2019 detailed specifications 2 platts european natural gas assessments 2 platts uk gas market coverage 5 platts continental european gas coverage 9 nw europe oilindexed gas contract price indicator gci 11 spark spreads 12 coal switching price indicator cspi. This is a guideline document for calculating correction factors of lel sensors. Appendix b metric and thermal conversion tables eia. The objective of book is to provide worldwide petroleum and natural gas exploration and production industries an engineering handbook that help them in practical field. Conversion factors energy and carbon conversion guide.
Common gases conversion table to use this worksheet. Conversion factors are rounded up to at most four decimal places for approximation purpose. Gas conversion factors for 300 series teledyne hastings. The process of conversion depends on the specific situation and the intended purpose. This represents a methodology change from previous versions. They provide data for crude oil, products, natural gas, lng, electricity and solid fuels. In the process of oil production, natural gas was flareda wasteful practice that adds carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Keywords conversion, factors,hydrocarbon,emission,components,hydrocarbons,thc,total organic gas,tog,volatile organic compounds,voc,nonroad,equipment,emissions,epa420r05015,420r05015. Toolbox download our oilfield conversion factors pdf download important disclaimer. You can use this for a quick reference on conversion. Oilfield conversion factors energy news for the canadian. Find the name of the compressed gas you want to convert. Rating to obtain scfh standard cubic feet per hour.
If you know the quantity in gallons, multiply by the number in column b. The government conversion factors for greenhouse gas reporting are suitable for use by uk based organisations of all sizes, and for international organisations reporting on uk operations. Ifyou know the quantity in gallons, multiply by the number in column b. Emission factors for greenhouse gas inventories typically, greenhouse gas emissions are reported in units of carbon dioxide equivalent co 2e. Then, this raw data can be adjusted or converted to values suitable for transactions to take place and be accounted for. If you know the quantity in pounds, multiply by the number in column a 3. Table b1 presents summary statistics for natural gas in the united states for 2014. Standard handbook of petroleum and natural gas engineering. Basis of the indirectwtt emissions factors for different fuels17 table 5.
It was compiled from a wide range of sources, and is designed to be concise and convenient rather than allinclusive. Standard handbook of petroleum and natural gas engineering by william c. Imports of lng into the uk as a share of imports and net total natural gas supply17 table 4. For example, the energy in a 300food calorie ice cream cone is about the same as the amount of electricity required to light a 100watt incandescent light bulb for 3. Challenges when converting coalfired boilers to natural gas. Lower natural gas prices and more stringent air emissions regulations, in combination with the ability to burn natural gas with its inherently lower emissions have created an atmosphere that warrants analysis. Natural gas conversion acronyms and definitions 218 lng units conversion 217. Natural gas 9,341m3 1,050scf n n coke oven gas 5,249m3 590scf 0. Overview this guide and interactive spreadsheet provides a number of useful conversion factors to help you calculate energy consumption in common units and to work out the greenhouse gas emissions associated with energy use. These emission conversion factors can be used to report on 2019 greenhouse gas emissions by uk based organisations of all sizes, and for international organisations reporting on. Box 1642 houston, texas 77251 the purchase, transport, and sale of natural gas as a commodity with a specific energy value per cubic foot has transformed the natural gas industry from one of a system.
For a complete listing of all meter types in portfolio manager along with the corresponding input options and conversion factors, refer to figure 3. Government emission conversion factors for greenhouse gas. Conversion factors for bioenergy nc state extension. Gas meters are normally rated in terms of displaced cubic feet per hour. To find the correct pipe size, go to the line for initial gas pressure reading 5 pounds. This may be governed by regulation, contract, technical specifications or other published standards. It is mainly used to generate industrial and utility electric power, produce industrial process steam and heat, and heat residential and commercial space.
For example, the energy in a 300food calorie ice cream cone is about the same as the amount of electricity required to light a. Each meter entry is multiplied by a conversion factor to express the total in kbtu or gj. As we exit the recession, total gas demand will be led by growth in gas demand in the power sector. The user is encouraged to calibrate the instrument with the target gas for most accurate readings. In addition to the set of base quantity conversions, platts also includes a set of conversion calculations between commonly employed factors and units. The 2017 government greenhouse gas conversion factors for company reporting 1 hereafter the 2017 ghg conversion factors represent the current official set of uk government emissions factors.
The result is the quantity of compressed gas in cubic feet. Energy sources and commodities are measured by their mass or weight, volume, and energy. The energy sector is usually the most important sector in greenhouse gas emission inventories, and typically contributes over 90 percent of the co2 emissions and 75 percent of the total greenhouse gas emissions in developed countries. This handbook is intended to inform decisionmaking on options to develop natural gas. Natural gas consists of a high percentage of methane generally above. Controller gas correction factors the gas correction factor gcf is used to indicate the ratio of flow rates of different gases for a given output voltage from a mass flow controller mfc. Revisions to the greenhouse gas reporting rule pdf to 40 cfr part 98. Heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of water by 1 degree fahrenheit. Natural gas, a new age fuel is the cleanest, efficient, nonpolluting, environmental friendly and relatively economical of the fossil fuels in the modern day industrial society natural gas pipeline infrastructure connects various gas sources to different gas markets to the meet the existing future natural gas demand of various powers, fertilizer, cgd and other industries in the country. The basis gas is nitrogen n2 which, by convention, has gcfn2 1. Some useful weights and measures unit of measure equivalent. Attendees will also learn about inland and offshore lng import and export terminals, and lng peak shaving plants used to.580 443 1118 144 1330 1294 1463 99 15 1524 626 1045 1236 403 357 495 1344 771 850 1031 215 631 1582 570 260 1495 289 436 1405 887 191 1278 574 240 580